Causes and Symptoms of Bunions

Monday, 30 April 2018 00:00

As a bunion develops, there is generally minimal discomfort that is experienced. The bony growth that appears on the bottom of the big toe will grow in size, and the amount of pain encountered will often increase in relation to the size of the bunion. High heels can often exacerbate an existing bunion because they limit the room toes have to move freely around. The toes are forced to endure pressure, causing the joint under the big toe to shift outward. Additional causes of bunions may include trauma and injuries the foot may have encountered or a predisposed inherited gene that may have affected the structure of the foot. Wearing appropriate footwear can help increase comfort and reduce pain that may be felt, while also allowing for ample toe room. If you suspect that you have a bunion, see a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment options. 

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Palm Beach Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Boynton Loxahatchee and Fort Pierce, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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